Music soothes the soul. There is no doubt about that. All music types appeal to different types of people. They have their own preferences and music has a certain effect to them. This is perhaps why various music genre have come up through the years; but first, what is a music genre?
A genre refers to a group of individual styles of music but still have a common set of fundamental values or tradition. Think of it like a genus in taxonomy. A genus is composed of different animals; but they have a common denominator—they share a common evolutionary ancestor. At the same time, they have a couple of distinct anatomical commonalities. This is in spite of their largely different appearances.
With that, a genre is composed of music with the same distinct sound or ancestry. When you hear them, you know that they are of one sound, but with a different treatment or attack at the song. This is just like in the case of rock music. You have classical rock, soft rock, punk rock, etc.; but just the same, they are all in the rock genre.
A music genre is also divided into different subgenres—very much like the species in one genus. At face value, the special may not have any physical characteristic in common; but the fact still remains that they evolved from the same ancestor. You can apply this to subgenres in music through the example given above pertaining to the rock genre.
In the broadest sense, all music can be classified into two styles—the Western Music and Oriental Music. African Music is a separate genre, although there are a number of African style music that have made their way into the Western style. Hence, African Music has been included in the Western Music category.
Western music and genre
Now within Western Music, there are genres and classifications. Perhaps this is what a lot of people and music lovers are familiar with:
Then within these genres are the subgenres or sub-classifications as mentioned above.
At this age and time, however, one critic when it comes to all music genres is that some modern day offshoots that are classified as a separate genre is no more than a commercial gimmick, rather than an artistic endeavor. That is to say that the creation of a new genre is determined by the industry, not the music itself.